CBG (Cannabigerol): What It Is and What It Does
There are many different types of cannabinoids produced by the cannabis plant. Most people know about THC and CBD, but cannabigerol (CBG) is another cannabinoid that has recently gained popularity.
Like other products made from the cannabis plant, CBG can offer many benefits to the user. Similar to CBD, CBG can bring you relief without causing the intoxicating high that THC is known for.
Here’s what you should know about CBG as it becomes a popular cannabis product on the market.
What Is CBG?
Cannabigerol (CBG) is often called the “mother of all cannabinoids.” This is because CBGA, which is the acidic precursor to CBG, is abundant in hemp and cannabis plants. Almost all of this CBGA transforms into CBDA or THCA, with only a small fraction of it becoming CBG—typically less than 1% of the plant mass.
In nature, CBG is derived from younger, less mature cannabis plants. Younger cannabis plants contain higher levels of CBG than fully developed plants would, making them a better source for CBG production. Because CBG only appears in low levels of the cannabis plant, it’s considered a minor cannabinoid and is usually combined with other cannabinoid products.
However, recently scientists have been experimenting with crossbreeding certain cannabis plants to produce higher amounts of CBG. They’ve also learned to extract the CBG from the cannabis plant at the optimum time of growth to ensure they are getting the highest level of CBG possible. At Veritas Farms, we have bred some of our plants to produce more CBG, which allows us to harvest from mature plants. Soon, with the plants that we have grown and harvested ourselves, we will have a new functional line of CBG products that we can trace from seedling to finished product.
Because CBG doesn’t cause a euphoric high, it’s federally legal in all 50 U.S. states under the 2018 Farm Bill. This means that you can enjoy the benefits of CBG anytime you want. Although, CBG products are still pretty rare, making them more expensive than other products derived from cannabis. As the popularity of CBG grows and people experience the range of benefits it offers, CBG products will become more mainstream.
As two lesser-known cannabinoids, CBG is often compared to CBN. Looking at CBG vs. CBN, you will find a few similarities but also many differences. Both CBG and CBN are cannabinoids that will not produce a high effect. Additionally, both are beneficial for those seeking relief.
The differences between CBG and CBN start with their molecular structure. While CBN has a similar molecular composition to THC, CBG is more similar to CBD. These structural differences make sense when you consider that CBN is produced by oxidized THC, while CBG is the product of CBGA.
When it comes to benefits, CBN helps with appetite stimulation and rest. CBG has numerous benefits as well, which we will cover below.
You may be asking yourself, “What is the CBG cannabinoid good for if it is only found in tiny quantities of the plant?” Well, CBG has many benefits. Like other cannabinoids, CBG interacts with your body’s endocannabinoid system. This system keeps our body in its regulated state by sending signals to the cells in the body.
When CBG enters your body, it imitates the endocannabinoid system by interacting with the two types of cannabinoid receptors in your body—CB1 and CB2. CBG binds to both receptors, enhancing the anandamide neurotransmitter, which is responsible for regulating pleasure, motivation, appetite, and sleep.
As CBG works with the endocannabinoid system in your body, there are many benefits it can offer you. Here are some of the current research projects with CBG:
- Providing relief Huntington Disease, Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson’s through Antioxidant and Neuroprotective Effects. (Giacomo, et al., Antioxidant and Neuroprotective Effects Induced by Cannabidiol and Cannabigerol in Rat CTX-TNA2 Astrocytes and Isolated Cortexes)
- Increase in focus and calming through suppression of sympathetic nervous system. (Nachnani, R., et al., The Pharmacological Case for Cannabigerol. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 2021 376: 204-212.)
- Short term increase in insulin Sensitivity, reduced blood pressure impacting Metabolic Syndrome. (Nachnani, R., et al., The Pharmacological Case for Cannabigerol. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 2021 376: 204-212.)
Additionally, CBG is very beneficial when it is combined with other cannabinoids. The relief effects of CBG are only enhanced further when taken with other cannabinoids like CBD or CBN. CBG is especially effective for reducing restlessness and stress.
Scientists continue to perform research to pinpoint the exact benefits of CBG. Whether CBG is taken alone or in combination with other cannabinoids, it can be a beneficial remedy for many problems.
Purchasing CBG Products
CBG is typically produced for consumption in the form of oil. Pure CBG oil does exist; however, as mentioned above, pure CBG oils are still quite rare and more expensive than other cannabinoid options.
Fortunately, many full-spectrum CBD oils also contain other cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, including CBG. Because of this, many CBD oils are highly beneficial for the user because you can benefit from the combined efforts of many different cannabinoids. When used together, the effectiveness of the cannabinoids increases to provide more relief for the user.
Veritas Farms offers a full line of cannabis products, including CBD products made from full-spectrum hemp oil. All of our products undergo strict testing by third-party labs to make sure they are safe, of high quality, and offer accurate serving size recommendations.
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